Structural Performance Study: Single leaf AAC masonry outperforms traditional cavity wall construction
With the launch of SIMS by Quinn in the Irish market, we have been asked about the structural performance of single leaf AAC masonry. There are some who perceive traditional cavity wall construction to be a stronger more robust wall so to address such concerns, we commissioned a study to compare the structural performance of a single leaf masonry wall built with AAC blocks and thin joint mortar with a traditionally built cavity wall using dense concrete blockwork.
The perception may be that the single leaf wall would not be as robust as the cavity wall, but this study, like several others, has shown that this is certainly not the case.
Barrett Mahony Civil and Structural Consulting Engineers were commissioned to conduct the study. They looked at the structural performance of AAC blocks of varying strengths and thicknesses, built with thin-joint mortar, and compared these against a traditional 350mm wide dense concrete block cavity wall. The analysis was carried out on the gable wall of a typical 2 storey semi-detached house in Ireland.
The following block types/strengths were assessed:
- 350mm Cavity wall – 2no. leaves of 7.5N solid concrete block (General Purpose M4 Mortar)
- 5.2N 200mm Solid Aircrete block (M12 thin layer mortar)
- 7.5N 200mm Solid Aircrete block (M12 thin layer mortar)
- 5.2N 150mm Solid Aircrete block (M12 thin layer mortar)
- 7.5N 150mm Solid Aircrete block (M12 thin layer mortar)
Block strengths given above are mean compressive strength to BS EN772-1. Analysis of the wall panels was undertaken using CADS Masonry Wall Panel Designer MAX to Eurocode 6 to check capacities.
Two typical load cases were considered:
- Maximum axial compressive load with a notional horizontal wind load of 1.05kN/m² – Referred to as Load Case A
- Maximum horizontal wind load given with a notional compressive load of 30kN/m² – Referred to as Load Case B
The study results are very clear. The single leaf walls built with Quinn Lite aircrete blocks and thin joint masonry construction are significantly stronger than the traditional cavity wall built with dense concrete blocks.
With load case A, Quinn Lite B7 200mm gives almost three times the structural capacity of the traditional cavity wall, and the 150mm B7 nearly double the capacity. With load case B, the Quinn Lite wall was also significantly stronger with all block types.
Technical Guidance Document A gives guidance that a 7.5N block built in cavity wall construction should be used to meet the requirements of Part A of the Irish building regulations. Based on this analysis, the more thermally efficient 5.2N Quinn Lite B5 built with thin joint mortar as a single leaf is a much stronger option and therefore can be considered.
SIMS by Quinn